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Ruffatti Organ

Ruffatti Organ

Buckfast Abbey is delighted to have the first organs in the United Kingdom by the renowned Italian organ builders Fratelli Ruffatti. The two instruments consist of a substantial Quire Organ (four divisions and pedal), located on both sides of the Quire and the upper triforium; and a Grand-Orgue in the West Gallery (two divisions and pedal). The scale of the instruments allows a rich variety of tonal colours, which encourages creativity in the accompaniment of the Monastic Community and Abbey Choirs, as well as providing the versatility necessary for a wide range of organ literature. An exciting feature of the two spatially-separated instruments, is the possibility of playing antiphonally, as well as the ability to play the instruments together (from one, or both, consoles).

The organ features two high pressure en chamade reed stops, a bright ‘Pontifical Trumpet,’ protruding horizontally from the West Gallery organ case; and a darker more tuba-like ‘Abbatial Trumpet,’ located in the triforium.

Two, four-manual consoles control the instruments; one located in the West Gallery, and a movable console, with height adjustment, located in the Quire.

A notable feature of the Quire Organ, is an Italian-inspired Positivo division, which includes a number of special effects, including a Nightingale, Zimblestern, Glockenspiel, Drum and Bagpipes; features common in Italian organs of the Renaissance, and unique tools in improvisation and organ repertoire of the period.

The tonal character of the Grand-Orgue in the West Gallery is inspired by the French romantic tradition, and the scalings and manufacturing practices of Aristide Cavaillé-Coll. The pipes feature the characteristic arched and protruding upper and lower lips. The instrument is contained in two cases and designed to be in harmony with the surrounding architecture, so as not to obscure the stained glass. Since the organ sings directly on the longitudinal axis of the building, it supports congregational singing well, and whilst the instrument can be used independently, its tonal qualities integrate well with the Quire Organ, forming one homogeneous, cohesive instrument.

The instrument is used daily to accompany Mass and Vespers, and features regularly in our concert series.

Below are the organ specifications:

Quire Organ

POSITIVO  Unenclosed  Manual I

Principale 8’  
Bordone 8’  
Voce Umana  8’  
Ottava 4’  
Flauto Veneziano 4’  
Decimaquinta 2’  
Decimanona 1 1/3’  
Sesquialtera II  2 2/3’-1 3/5’  
Ripieno III  (26-29-33) 2/3’  
Cromorno 8’  
Pontifical Trumpet 8’ Solo (unenclosed)
Abbatial Trumpet 8’ Solo (unenclosed)

Tremulant

 
Glockenspiel   30 bells 
Nightingale   5 pipes immersed
Cymbelstern   12 bells
Drum    
Bagpipe C 4’  
Bagpipe F 3’  
Bagpipe G 2 2/3  

SWELL  Enclosed  Manual III
Flute à Cheminée
8’  
Gemshorn 8’  
Viole de Gambe 8’  
Voix Céleste 8’  
Prestant 4’  
Flûte Cerise
4’  
Nazard 2 2/3’  
Octavin 2’  
Tierce 1 3/5’  
Plein Jeu IV  (15-19-22-26) 2’  
Basson  (1-8 ½ Length) 16’  
Trompette Harmonique 8’  
Hautbois  8’  
Clairon Harmonique
Tremulant
4’  

   
Sub Octave
   
Unison Off  
Super Octave  

PEDAL  Unenclosed
Contra Bourdon 32’  
Contrabass 16’  
Subbass 16’  
Bourdun 16’  
Lieblich Bourdon 16’  
Quintflöte 10 2/3’  
Octave 8’  
Flûte Ouverte 8’  
Nazard 5 1/3’  
Superoctave 4’  
Flute
2’  
Mixture IV  (12-15-19-22) 2 2/3’  
Fagott 32’  
Bombarde 16’  
Basson 16’  
Trompette 8’  
Schalmei
4’  

GREAT  Unenclosed  Manual II
Bourdon 16’  
Principal 8’  
Bourdon 8’  
Spitzflöte 8’  
Octave 4’  
Blockflöte 4’  
Quint 2 2/3’  
Superoctave 2’  
Mixture IV  (19-22-26-29) 1 1/3’  
Terz Zimbel III  (29-31-33) 1/2’  
Trumpet 8’  
Clairon 4’  
Pontifical Trumpet 8’ Solo (unenclosed)
Abbatial Trumpet 8’ Solo (unenclosed)
     
Sub Octave    
Unison Off  

SOLO  Enclosed  Manual IV
Lieblich Bourdon 16’  
Orchestral Flute 8’  
Doppelflöte 8’  
Salicional 8’  
Unda Maris 8’  
Flûte Douce 8’  
Flûte Celeste  8’  
Flauto d’Amore 4’  
Harmonic Nazard 2 2/3’  
Harmonic Piccolo 2’  
Harmonic Tierce 1 3/5’  
Bassett Horn 8’  
Vox Humana 8’  
Pontifical Trumpet 8’  Unenclosed
Abbatial Trumpet
Tremulant
8’  Unenclosed

   
Sub Octave    
Unison Off  
Super Octave  


Grand-Orgue

GRAND-ORGUE  Unenclosed
Bourdon 16’  
Montre 8’  
Flûte Harmonique 8’  
Bourdon 8’  
Prestant 4’  
Flûte Octaviante 4’  
Cornet III 2 2/3-2’-1 3/5’  
Doublette 2’  
Plein Jeu III-V 2’  
Clarinette       8’  
Pontifical Trumpet 8’  
Abbatial Trumpet
Tremblant
8’  
     
Sub Octave    
Unison Off    

PÉDALE  Unenclosed
Soubasse 16’
Bourdon 16’
Basse 8’
Bourdon 8’
Flûte 4’
Bombarde 32’
Bombarde 16’
Trompette 8’ 
EXPRESSIF  Enclosed
Violoncelle 8’
Violoncelle Céleste 8’
Cor de Chamois 8’
Cor de Chamois Céleste 8’
Prestant 4’
Trompette 8’
Clairon
Tremblant
4’

 
Sub Octave
Unison Off
Super Octave


STATISTICS  Choir organ and West Gallery combined

78 real stops

100 ranks of pipes

5,537 pipes

42 bells

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